Named 1945 after Richard Bernaschek, the leader of the Upper Austrian branch of the "Republikanischer Schutzbund". Murdered in the concentration camp of Mauthausen.
Richard Bernaschek, the Social Democrats’ regional party secretary in the interwar years and leader of the Upper Austrian branch of the Republikanischer Schutzbund, was arrested as a key figure in the uprising of February 1934. He made his escape but returned to Austria in 1939. After Stauffenberg’s attempted assassination of Hitler in 1944 Bernaschek was arrested again, imprisoned in Mauthausen and executed there shortly before the end of the war. The square was named after him in 1945, and in 1988 a memorial against Nazism was erected here by the Victims’ Associations.